Le Corbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, Ronchamp, France (1954)
Th entrance wall projects outwards to support the roof while the east side is concave like the “apse” for the external altar, which is flanked by several objects including the pulpit, balcony and pillar- all treated as sculptures. The small interior is illuminated through small windows arranged irregularly on one wall as if they were natural openings in a cave. Each pane is decorated with texts or drawings so naive that they could have been done by passers-by. the squarish plan consists of sides different in outline content: three with graphic symbols and the fourth of “Romanesque” thickness sloping like a bastion and interspersed by narrow windows. (Paolo Favole)
Alvar Aalto, along with Le Corbusier, is considered one of the foremost master of Modern architecture. His design interests were concerned with how to place a building on a site while maintaining the equilibrium, using serious and fluid forms that were stretched into a fan-shaped plan and achieved a synthesis of formal divisions and composition.